how to deal with child astriction.
Why do children have constipation?
There are many reasons: foods contain more protein and less fiber; children with partial food preferences only eat fish, not fruits, vegetables, etc .; they are fed or eaten too little because milk has more casein and calcium than human milk, and fecesMany insoluble calcium soaps are prone to constipation.
As a result of eating too little, the amount of stool will decrease, which will not cause a feeling of defecation, and will naturally cause constipation.
There is no habit of regular bowel movements. Parents do not pay attention to training children to have regular bowel movements, or children are playing on the fun, even if they have a bowel movement, or do not say that because of changes in the living environment, causing the bowel to stay inside for too long, and the water is absorbed, causing constipation.
The number of Bifidobacterium in the body is not enough. Probiotics and harmful bacteria coexist in the body and maintain a balanced state. Among them, the beneficial Bifidobacterium is colonized in the deep layer of the intestinal mucosa, forming a biological barrier to prevent the invasion of foreign bacteria and enhance the body’s immunity.; Promote the digestion and absorption of nutrients, and synthesize B vitamins and vitamin K; Through the metabolism of sugar, reduce the pH value in the body, thereby inhibiting the growth of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria, and improving the metabolic environment.
Organic acids produced by bifidobacteria can also stimulate tandem peristalsis.
Therefore, when the number of internal Bifidobacterium spp. Is insufficient, constipation is likely to occur.
The disease causes congenital diseases such as high blood pressure fractures or congenital megacolon. No matter how much training and medical treatment, the condition will not improve.
Certain chronic diseases, such as malnutrition, rickets, dermatomyositis, minor illness and congenital muscle weakness can also cause constipation.
What are the dangers of constipation in children?
Really redundant: 1.
Feces scratch the intestinal mucosa, causing anal pain during defecation in children, which can manifest as a small amount of blood or mucus attached to the surface of the stool.
Causes anal fissures in children, hemorrhoids.
The initial flora balance is disrupted, resulting in a decrease in initial immunity.
As the stool stays in inertia for a long time, the concentration of toxic substances increases and it is easy to cause allergies.
How to prevent and treat constipation?
There are indeed countermeasures: 1.
Pay attention to increase water intake, so that children develop the habit of drinking water.
Train children to develop good bowel habits.
Choose a more regular time each day to let them defecate, and it is easiest to establish rules.
Babies over three months can start training. After feeding in the morning or after feeding at night, let the children defecate and continue to perform on time for half to one month to develop a habit.
Don’t get involved in time arbitrarily.
Ensure that children have enough physical activity every day.
Parents or pediatrics (over 3 years old) perform abdominal massage exercises daily to stimulate bowel movements.
Breastfeeding children gradually develop constipation. If it occurs, you can add intestinal supplementary foods, such as sweetened vegetable water or freshly squeezed orange juice, tomato juice, etc. You can add vegetable puree or cooked fruit puree for more than 4 months.
Artificial feeding is more likely to cause constipation. If it occurs, the following adjustments can be made: ① Increase milk sugar to 8%.
② Use milk powder containing bifidobacterium reproduction factor or bifidobacteria, such as bright young infant milk powder, etc., to adjust the suspension and peristalsis of children.
③ When supplementary food is added, children younger than 3 months can add tomato juice, orange juice and other boiled fruit juices.
4-8 months, you can add puree, fruit, gruel and other complementary foods.
9-12 months can add thicker cereals such as corn flour, millet, oatmeal and other porridge.
More than 1 year old can eat coarse grains, carrots and vegetables, agar jelly and so on.
④ Usually teach children not to be picky eaters, eat more vegetables, fruits and other activated stools to soften.
Deliberately mix pediatric and coarse grains, such as sweet potatoes, pumpkin, corn, etc. to promote bowel movements.
Increase the number of bifidobacteria.
Can be taken with microbial preparations, such as Pefilcon, powder for children, 2 sachets per day; children with capsules, 2 capsules per day; divided doses, the course of treatment depends on the improvement of constipation.
If constipation occurs after termination, you can take it again.
Prostate or anal local stimulation.
Pediatric constipation without defecation or fecal impaction for 3 days can be injected into the anus of the child with 5-10 ml of Kaisailu to stimulate and cause defecation.
For small babies, a small soap bar can also be inserted into their anus, or a little finger wearing rubber gloves dipped in a small amount of paraffin oil or vaseline, and inserted into the anus for laxative.
Apply laxatives under the guidance of a doctor.
Chinese medicine can be used Ma Ren Zi Pi pills, 1-2 pills daily, stop taking after laxative.
Western medicine treatment, can take magnesium milk before bedtime, each time 0.
5-1 ml / kg weight, or 4-8 ml of paraffin oil, even for several days, while training the stool the next morning.
Laxatives are generally not used easily.
Older children can take phenol cholesterol, 3 mg / kg body weight each time, and train the stool the next morning.